|Eur J Cell Biol 2002 Oct;81(10):567-76||Related Articles, Links|
Hoppe J, Kilic M, Hoppe V, Sachinidis A, Kagerhuber U.
Department of Physiological Chemistry, Biozentrum, University of Wurzburg, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org
Treatment of AKR-2B fibroblasts with anisomycin (10 microM) led to a rapid disintegration of the cells (t1/2 = 5 h) which was complete after 24 h. Cell death was associated with typical hallmarks of apoptosis like membrane blebbing, exposure of phophatidylserine on the cell surface, nuclear condensation and specific cleavage of rRNA. However, there was no dissipation of the mitochondrial potential and no intranucleosomal fragmentation. By affinity labeling with YVK(-bio)D.aomk in combination with immunostaining against activated caspase-3 analyzed by 2-D gel electrophoresis it was shown that caspase-3 is the dominant executioner caspase. Gel filtration experiments of cytosolic extract analyzed by Western blotting revealed the formation of high-molecular-weight complexes of caspase-3 (600 kDa and 250 kDa, respectively), but there was no complex formation of Apaf-1. Anisomycin treatment led to a strong activation of the stress kinases p38 kinases and the jun kinases, that was not sufficient for the activation of caspase-3 which required much higher concentrations. By using the selective inhibitors SB 203580 for p38 kinases and SP 600125 for c-jun kinases, respectively, it is shown that activation of these kinases is not necessary for cell death induced by anisomycin in AKR-2B cells. Furthermore, we disclose the activation of caspase-12 in AKR-2B cells following the addition of anisomycin. Caspase-12 zymogen present as a cytosolic complex (> 600 kDa) is activated by anisomycin leading to an uncomplexed cleaved enzyme. Since anisomycin treatment did neither lead to stress of the endoplasmic reticulum nor to a breakdown of intracellular Ca(2+)-stores, alternative pathways involved in the activation of caspases are discussed.